Recent investigations into extremism, human rights and ethics in Australia have resulted in highly disturbing findings, as Alan Austin reports.
You would think after decades of focus on the destructive impact of incarceration generally and specific investigations into Black deaths in custody that the rate of gaoling Indigenous Australians would be declining. You would be wrong.
The latest data, for 2021, shows that for every 100,000 Indigenous Australians, 2,412 are in prison — the highest rate since records have been kept. See grey and red chart, below.
Those 2,412 Indigenous prisoners per 100,000 population compare with just 152.6 for the non-Indigenous population. That’s right, Indigenous Australians are currently gaoled at 16 times the rate of others. This is the worst disparity since the ABS started publishing these numbers.
Human rights abuses
This is one of several areas of profound injustice highlighted recently in damning reports by local and international agencies.
The executive officer of the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Legal Services (NATSILS), Jamie McConnachie, told ABC News last Thursday that Australia’s First Nations people are the most over-imprisoned group in the world:
“Australia is in the midst of a mass imprisonment crisis. Imprisonment rates compound as a third of the prison population are detained on remand in pre-trial detention, yet to be found guilty or sentenced for the alleged offending. The mass incarceration of my people is... causing immense harm to our communities and represents an urgent human rights crisis.”
The report raised ‘significant concerns’ about the legislative and policy framework for immigration detention:
‘The Working Group on Arbitrary Detention had repeatedly expressed alarm at the rising number of cases brought to its attention. It has issued opinions on several cases involving asylum seekers and refugees, finding circumstances amounting to arbitrary detention.’
This report could have been much worse. To their shame, the governments of New South Wales and Queensland refused to allow the UN Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture (SPT) access to prisons which prompted it to suspend last month’s visit to Australia.
It is disappointing that the New South Wales Government refused to allow the SPT to visit any state-run places of detention across that state.
Access to Commonwealth-run places of detention was facilitated in all cases.
I assure the Australian people and the international community that the Australian Government’s commitment to human rights endures.
Hate groups in Australia
Senator Pauline Hanson’s One Nation Party has been added for its COVID-19 conspiracy theories and its racist positions on multiculturalism and White nationalism.
Ethics in decline
The index showed state politicians had the worst reputations, closely followed by federal politicians and real estate agents. Occupations regarded highly included nurses, fire services and ambulance personnel.
GIA’s chief executive, Megan Motto, said this year’s worsening outcomes call for immediate corrective action:
“We are now seeing a distinct downward trend in trust and ethics. Given strong ethics are an indicator of a strong, well-functioning society, this year’s results must serve as a red flag reminder of the importance of trust and ethics at all levels of our society.”
With changes of government in South Australia and federally earlier this year and state elections upcoming in Victoria and New South Wales, it will be intriguing to see how this index shifts next year and beyond. There is scope for vast improvement.
Long-term commitment to reform
On a positive note, it is worth acknowledging that the Albanese Government appears genuine in assigning specialists to deal with the challenges ahead. The above-mentioned Attorney-General, Mark Dreyfus, was first appointed to that role in February 2013 by former Prime Minister Julia Gillard.
He retained the shadow portfolio throughout the nearly nine years of Opposition and looks like remaining AG indefinitely. Over those ten years, the Coalition has had four politicians in the role, none of whom achieved significant reform.
Similarly, Labor assigned Anthony Albanese to the substantial portfolio of Infrastructure in 2006 expecting him to master it, which he did. He held it until he was elected Labor Party Leader in 2019. Over those 14 years, the Coalition changed infrastructure minister or shadow minister nine times.
So, yes, the challenges are immense. But there are now definite grounds for hope.
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