David Glynne Jones has correspondence from DFAT showing that the Governor General is definitely not our head of state. Troublingly, it also reveals that she seems to have no formal diplomatic status at all.
ON THE INTERNET the DFAT protocols on who is Australian head of state are clear:
15.1 Head of State and Governor-General
Australia's Head of State is the Queen of Australia, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. Under the Australian Constitution, the executive power of the Commonwealth is vested in the Queen and is exercised by the Governor-General as the Queen's representative. The Governor-General is appointed by the Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister of Australia. The Prime Minister is Head of Government.
This was thrown into a small amount of doubt on March/April 2009, when the Governor-General Quentin Bryce undertook an official tour of six African states, because the then PM Kevin Rudd made public statements to the effect that the GG was undertaking this tour in her capacity as "Australia's head of state".
In November 2009 I wrote to the relevant division of DFAT requesting advice on the GG's formal diplomatic status for the purposes of the tour. Note this letter opposite.
I finally received a response in late March 2010 (PDF copy attached). Whatever the GG's diplomatic status was for the tour, it certainly wasn't that of 'head of state'.
The official DFAT position is:
"The Governor-General's official status when travelling is regulated by the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons, including Diplomatic Agents (1973). The Convention does not confer diplomatic privileges and immunities but is concerned with the protection of the person."
"When visiting states that are parties to this convention, the Governor-General's status is that of an 'internationally protected person'. Section 3 of the Crimes (Internationally Protected Persons) Act 1976 specifically extends the Convention's application to the Governor-General. This Act has extra-territorial application."
Several issues emerge from this response:
1. Not only is the GG clearly not accorded 'head of state' diplomatic status on official visits outside Australian borders, it would appear that she may have had no diplomatic status at all, other than 'international protected person' status (which has no diplomatic privileges).
2. It would appear that her tour may have operated diplomatically under 'courtesy' arrangements, in which the states she was visiting agreed to overlook the fact the the GG has no formal diplomatic status outside Australian borders.
3. This problem occurred previously when Bill Hayden was GG and visited the United Nations - apparently there was a mad scramble to arrange very junior (3rd rank) diplomatic status for him so that he could attend sessions in some official capacity
All of this gives the lie to two anti-republican propositions:
1. "The GG is the de-facto Australian Head of State" - clearly not true, and must be publicly rebutted.
2. "It's not broken, and we don't need to fix it" - any self-respecting and mature independent nation should have a head of state who is both a citizen and can enjoy the full diplomatic status of 'head of state' when travelling officially outside national borders and representing the nation's interests - clearly this is not possible for Australia under the current constitutional arrangements, which are therefore clearly 'broken'.